According to Sebastian’s 18th century entry in Acta Sanctorum, still attributed to Ambrose by the 17th century hagiographer Jean Bolland, and the briefer account in the 14th century Legenda Aurea, he was a man of Gallia Narbonensis who was taught in Milan and appointed a captain of the Praetorian Guard under Diocletian and Maximian, who were unaware that he was a Christian. Marcus and Marcellian were twin brothers from a distinguished family and were deacons. Both brothers married, and they resided in Rome with their wives and children. The brothers refused to sacrifice to the Roman gods and were arrested. They were visited by their parents Tranquillinus and Martia in prison, who attempted to persuade them to renounce Christianity.
Sebastian succeeded in converting Tranquillinus and Martia, as well as Saint Tiburtius, the son of Chromatius, the local prefect. Another official, Nicostratus, and his wife Zoe were also converted. It has been said that Zoe had been a mute for six years; however, she made known to Sebastian her desire to be converted to Christianity. As soon as she had, her speech returned to her. Nicostratus then brought the rest of the prisoners; these 16 persons were also converted by Sebastian.
Chromatius and Tiburtius converted; Chromatius set all of his prisoners free from jail, resigned his position, and retired to the country in Campania. Marcus and Marcellian, after being concealed by a Christian named Castulus, were later martyred, as were Nicostratus, Zoe, and Tiburtius.
Reliquary of St Sebastian, around 1497 (Victoria and Albert Museum, London)
Diocletian reproached Sebastian for his supposed betrayal, and he commanded him to be led to a field and there to be bound to a stake so that archers would shoot arrows at him. “And the archers shot at him till he was as full of arrows as an urchin,” leaving him there for dead. Miraculously, the arrows did not kill him. The widow of Castulus, Irene of Rome, went to retrieve his body to bury it, and she discovered he was still alive. She brought him back to her house and nursed him back to health. The other residents of the house doubted he was a Christian. One of those was a girl who was blind. Sebastian asked her “Do you wish to be with God?”, and made the sign of the Cross on her head. “Yes”, she replied, and immediately regained her sight.
Sebastian later stood on a step and harangued Diocletian as he passed by; the emperor had Sebastian beaten to death, and his body was thrown into a privy. But in an apparition, Sebastian told a Christian widow where they might find his body undefiled and bury it “at the catacombs by the apostles.” Because of this, Sebastian is sometimes known as the saint who was martyred twice.
Of the miraculous effect of the example of Sebastian, the Golden Legend reports,
… Saint Gregory telleth in the first book of his Dialogues that a woman of Tuscany which was new wedded was prayed for to go with other women to the dedication of the church of Sebastian, and the night tofore she was so moved in her flesh that she might not abstain from her husband, and on the morn, she having greater shame of men than of God, went thither, and anon as she was entered into the oratory where the relics of Saint Sebastian were, the fiend took her and tormented her before all the people.
Sebastian was also said to be a defense against the plague. The Golden Legend transmits the episode of a great plague that afflicted the Lombards in the time of King Gumburt, which was stopped by the erection of an altar in honor of Sebastian in the Church of Saint Peter in the Province of Pavia.
St. Sebastian, Andrea Mantegna, 1480, Musée du Louvre, Paris. Remains reputed to be those of Sebastian are housed in Rome in the Basilica Apostolorum, built by Pope Damasus I in 367 on the site of the provisional tomb of Saints Peter and Paul. The church, today called San Sebastiano fuori le mura, was rebuilt in the 1610s under the patronage of Scipione Borghese. Others sources assert that his body would have been carried from Rome to Saint Medard Abbey in Soissons, France.
Sebastian’s cranium was brought to the town of Ebersberg (Germany) in 934. A Benedictine abbey was founded there and became one of the most important pilgrimage sites in southern Germany. It is said the silver-encased cranium was used as a cup in which to present wine to the faithful during the feast of Saint Sebastian.
|Sl.||F. ID||Family Name||Family Head Name||Atm. Ref No||Phone No.|
|1||405||Parekkattil||Ittimathew , Chakkappan|
|2||406||Kanjoothara||Devassykutty , Ouseph||430|
|3||407||Punnakkal||Annam , Kunjuvarkey||457|
|4||408||Mamminissery Thokkudam||Sebastian , Devassy||434|
|5||409||Puthiyaparambil||Threesia ( Lissy Johny)||467|
|6||410||Thettayil Edattukaran||Johnson , Anthony||454|
|7||411||Payyapilly||Varghees , P.D.Poulose|
|8||412||Edattukaran||Ouseph ( E.T.Joseph)||427|
|9||437||Kanjuthara||Anna (Annies Antony)||429|
|10||439||Payyappilly||Piloth , Devassy||433|
|11||440||Kanjoothara||Thomas , Kochappan||431|
|13||442||Attokaran||Johny , Devassy||437|
|14||443||Edattukaran||Varonica (Lilly Jacob)||443|
|15||444||Pazhuparampil||Joseph , Paily||440/2|
|16||445||Kanjoothara||Anthony , Ouseph||436|
|18||447||Kalapurakkal||.. (K O Thomas)||423/2||2895496|
|19||448||Pettikkal||Antony (Antony Ouseph)||446/2||9447686755|
|20||449||Pettikkal||Elia (Kunjeelakutty Devasy)||445||2897165|
|21||450||Kadicheeni||Kuriakose (K T Kuruvila)||421||9447150504|
|22||451||Kanjuthara||Annamma (Annamkutty Anthony)||452|
|23||453||Payyappilly||.. , Devasy||425||2893410|
|24||454||Kanjuthara||. (Elsy Poulose)||428/2||9497071198|
|25||455||Cheriekara||Anto (C T Anto)||424||9895820414|
|26||1111||Edattukaran||.. (E C George)||435/2||2890156|
|28||1302||Edattukaran||Mathu , Joseph||426|
|29||1513||Vadakkumchery||Johny , Varuthutty||481/2|
|32||1658||Kavungal||Ouseph (Jose K D)||439/2|
|34||1699||Edathiparamban||Rappai , Ouseph||210/4|
|Sl.No||Date & Time||Place/House Name|
Contact Details: Payyapilly House, Kavanad, Mala P.O Pin:680732
Contact Details: Petikkal House, Kavanad, Mala-680732
Contact Details: Kanjoothara House, Kavanad, Mala P.O Pin:680732
Contact Details: Edattikaran House, Kavanad, Mala P.O Pin:680732